Navigation in Hypertext

Navigation Aids

In response to the problem of hypertext navigation, researchers and developers have created a variety of powerful tools and means. The roles of navigation tools and means are not only to avoid disorientation but also to help finding information. These means can be divided into two types: system-generated and author-generated.

System-generated means:

Folder systems

Keeping track


Dynamic and static tables of contents

Backtrack function

Dynamic Tracking Map

Author-generated means:


Visual indications


Guided Tours



Social navigation

There are also some means that can be either system-generated or author-generated:

Preview functions

The rhetoric of arrival

Navigation in Hypertext

Last modified: 6 Nov 2002 by Kathy Nguyen Dang