Theory: Network

Western culture imagined quasi-magical entrances to a networked reality long before the development of computing technology.  Biblical typology, which played such a major role in English culture during the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, conceived sacred history in terms of types and shadows of Christ and his dispensation.  Thus, Moses, who existed in his own right, also existed as Chirist, who fulfilled and completed the prophet’s meaning.  As countless seventeenth-century and Victorian sermons, tracts, and commentaries demonstrate, any particular person, event, or phenomenon could act as a magical window into the complex semiotic of the divine scheme for human salvation.  Like the biblical type, which allows significant events and phenomena to participate simultaneously in many realities or levels of reality, the individual lexia inevitably provides a way into the network of connections. (Landow 37)