The term designates not a single approach, but a range of overlapping positions: Jacques Derrida's deconstruction; Julia Kristeva and the semiotic; Michel Foucault's theory of power and knowledge; Gilles Deleuze's nomadism, all of whom in some sense come after structuralism. Poststructuralism represents at the same time both a development and a deconstruction of structuralism. It breaks with the distinction between knowledge and ideology, which grants epistemological privilege to scientific discourse, and it eschews the search for guarantees of discursive truth, whether in the world itself or in the protocols of science.

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