c y b o r g m a n i f e s t o 2 . 0
:: t e c h n o l o g i e s
:: h y p e r t e x t
:: b l u r r i n g b o u n d a r i e s
According to French philosopher Jacques Derrida, the border of any text are in some sense always an illusion since all texts are embedded in a larger system of discourses and always refer to and repeat other texts. Derrida here powerfully critiques the status, related to print technology and its socio-economical workings, of the individual work in Western culture. Hypertext makes this notion of intertextuality rather explicit in its format; it has the potential to show, in its explicit interconnections, that a text is always another lexia in a complex and heterogeneous field of arguments. This also potentially removes the mystifying uniqueness of the singular text.
Where the blurring of boundaries occurs between in- and outside, and especially when we consider that our subjectivity is constructed through discourses, power relations and texts as Michel Foucault states, our engagement with any information technology then automatically makes us into cyborgs. Similarly, Bolter and Grusin point out through their concept of remediation that our bodies may effectively be conceived as media in themselves.
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