The New World Republic was formed through a merger of what was formerly the Southeast Asianic region - in addition to the now submerged continent down under. It's not really a democracy (which went out the window when Uncle Sam ran out of solutions to our problems) simply because that takes too long to make a decision. Instead, it's semi-democratic in that the government is democratically elected, but once they are in office, the Council has final say (through simple majority decision vote within the Council) in all matters pertaining to national interests, which is to say, everything.