In his interview with Chris Hables Gray, Manfred E. Clynes, whose work on cyborgs in space and other writings exemplify pioneering statements about the cyborg, argues that we always already exist within virtual reality:
I think I should mention that some people writing about cyborgs talk about machines that are virtually invisible because they are made of what they call sunshine, electromagnetic light, electromagnetic waves, and they make a big deal of that. But what in fact is visible to us by nature? We live in a real virtual reality. That is, our senses give us a real virtual reality. For example, there are no colors. They don't exist. How would the Good Lord see colors? Wouldn't he have to have three receptors like we do, and our qualia as designed into our brains? There are no colors in nature, there's no sweet, there's no sound. There's none of that stuff. It's all filtered with active filters, our senses. We, our brains, create the sensory world. We create this. This is a virtual reality that we create. It is a real virtual reality and is our common home, derived from our sensing and our feeling. [The Cyborg Handbook, 52]
Three points demand our attention. First, notice how using the insights and associations of contemporary digital information technology permits one to understand old assumptions, particularly about the natural, in a new light. (Play on words and ideas intended.) Second, note by how paying attention, as he does, to the technical paramaters of our sensory relations to the world, Clyne produces a vew of the self, selves, and world(s) similar to Derrida and Haraway -- one that, in other words, emphasizes multiplicity and multiple-centeredness rather than unity. Finally, such a revision of our relation to the world in his terms does not appear particularly disturbing.