Our search for an analogue of reading trance now leads us to consider an
especially promising avenue -- hypnotic trance... Trance theory argues that
in the hypnotic state, reality orientation disappears and the subject's
behavior changes. The leading exponent of this view is Shor (1970), who
maintains that "the reader's fantasy world is an encapsulated unit
and it seems totally real.... The reader is completely oblivious at the
conscious level to the true reality about him"
(p 92-93). Since the reader's fantasy world owes much of its appeal to the
reader's continued awareness of its unreality, we must take issue with Shor.
A better fit with the nature of the reader's world is offered by psyhcoanalytic
ego therory, notably in Rapaport's formulation (1967), which holds that
hypnotic induction fragments the ego, which then restructures itself at
a partially regressed level, with a regnant ego remaining as an observer
and in this way maintaining the individual's reality orientation.
Nell, p. 210